Recollects, Friars belonging to the reform branch of the Order of Friars Minor who observe the rules of St Francis of Assisi, settled in Virton in the middle of the 17th century. Between the end of the 17th and the beginning of the 18th century they built a monastic complex that was the largest of Luxembourg. Soon after the French Revolution, in 1796, the property housed the town hall, the Justice of the Peace, the gendarmerie, an orphanage and a hospice. The hospice, the only wing to survive the 1899 fire, was used as a field hospital from August 1914 till the end of WW I. Edmond Fouss wanted to reveal Gaume to its own inhabitants. Inspired by several local artists such as Julien Lorrain, a craftsman in wrought iron, Prosper Michel, a miller, and Joseph Didier, a quarry master, he founded the museum of a region which differs from the Ardennes by its climate, its landscapes, its character and the Romance dialect of its inhabitants: the “patois gaumais”. In 1939 the “Musée gaumais” was opened to the public in the restored building. In 1968 a bell tower with a jacquemart was added to the museum. In 1990 the Musée gaumais expanded with the erection of a postmodernist wing designed by architects Francis Bodson and Jean-Paul Claisse.